Earthquakes have shaken Himachal more than 120 times upto 2017 says a study

NORTH GAZETTE NEWS/ SHIMLA
As per the recorded history, the state has been shaken by more than 120 times by earthquakes having a magnitude of 4.0 and above on the Richter scale as per the recorded history of earthquakes

upto 2017. State of Himachal is prone to various hazards both natural and manmade. Main hazards consist of earthquakes, landslides, flash floods, snow storms and avalanches, draughts, dam failures, fires – domestic and wild, accidents – road, rail, air, stampedes, boat capsizing, biological, industrial and hazardous chemicals etc. However, the hazard which poses biggest threat to the state is earthquake hazard.

As per the Bureau of Indian Standard (BIS) seismic zoning map five districts of the state, namely Chamba (53.2%) Hamirpur (90.9%), Kangra (98.6%), Kullu (53.1%), Mandi (97.4%) have 53 to 98.6 percent of their area liable to the severest design intensity of MSK IX or more, the remaining area of these districts being liable to the next severe intensity VIII. Two districts, Bilaspur (25.3%) and Una (37.0%) also have substantial area in MSK IX and rest in MSK VIII. The remaining districts also are liable to intensity VIII.

Scenario- Developed in 2012, by the experts of NDMA, IIT Mumbai, IIT Madras, and Geological Survey of India:-
Mw 8.0 earthquake represents a great earthquake occurring in the Himalaya. This hypothetical scenario was developed by a NDMA team of earthquake engineering experts from IITs at Bombay and Madras, and in consultation with the Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Seismology Division of IMD and Geological Survey of India. The simulation results, with the epicenter near Sundernagar in Mandi District of Himachal Pradesh, which lies in the seismic zone V, predict strong shaking in the states of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Uttarakhand and Jammu & Kashmir and the Union Territory of Chandigarh.
Such type of Mega Mock Exercises were previously conducted in the year 2012, 2014, and 2016 with the assistance of National Disaster Management Authority, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
The current mock exercise on Earthquake Hazard is largest among all the exercises involving all the 12 districts, educational and technical institutions, government departments, and the mock exercise will be conducted in sites across the State. The following events were held to successfully complete the mock exercise in consultation with the National Disaster Management Authority, Government of India:
An Orientation and Coordination Conference was held on 01/02/2018 at HP Secretariat in which around 135 officers of State Government Departments, District Administration, representatives from Indian Army, Paramilitary forces were present. Lt. Gen N.C. Marwah (Retd) Member, National Disaster Management Authority and Maj. Gen. V.K. Naik (Retd), Senior Consultant, NDMA also participated in the conference and provided their guidance.
This was followed by the table top exercise held on 07/02/2018 where member of State Incident Response Teams (IRTs) under the Chairmanship of Chief Secretary, Observers from Indian Army, NDRF and ITBP participated. The Deputy Commissioners and District Incident Response Teams (IRTs) were also present through Video Conference.
Today Mega Mock Exercise has been held in the State, where all the 12 districts participated.
In order to make the exercise successful, the state government conducted comprehensive awareness campaign through Media (Print and Electronic) and distributed around 80000 pamphlets on Earthquake disaster awareness for general public.

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